My interests are varied and range from gardening, to herbs and herbal medicine, resale shopping and anything that is old or interesting.
DIY Antique Picture Frame Repair
I love to buy old picture frames because, well, I like old stuff. I am especially fond of those old gilded plaster frames. They set off my landscape prints really well. The only drawback is that the ones in good shape aren't cheap, and the ones that are cheap are in poor repair.
Oh, woe is me; what's a poor girl to do? Go to the library, of course. While there, I found a little book that told of ways to repair miscellaneous collectibles. And guess what I found in this little book? Yep, you guessed it. How to repair damaged gilded picture frames.
But Can I Repair and Restore the Picture Frame?
After reading through the instructions, I said to myself, "I could do that." And I did. In fact, my repairs were good enough to allow some of my better frames to actually be sold on eBay a few years back.
I just finished restoring a really old frame that has been on my "to do" list for a long time.
6 Steps to Repairing Your Picture Frame
- Clean the Frame
- Soften Up the Clay
- Make the Mold
- Mix the Plaster
- Make the Replacement
- Smooth the Mold Until It Fits
These are the only tools and supplies that you need to get the job done:
- One pack of modeling clay
- One container of "Plaster of Paris"
- Chopsticks and disposable cup for mixing
- Non-stick cooking spray
- Abrasives to smooth edges
- Wood glue
- Gold leaf paint
- Small foam brush
This Is Where We Begin
This is a picture of the frame after the plaster mold has been glued in place. It may look a little rough now, but wait till you see the fully restored frame.
Step 1: Clean the Frame
Place the picture frame on a flat surface and wash it down with a little soap and water. Do it gently. Use only enough to get it clean because if the plaster gets too wet, it will get soft.
If you still have the glass in it, use that blue tape to mask around the edges. (I like the blue stuff because it comes off easily and doesn't leave any of itself behind). Let the frame dry completely.
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Step 2: Soften Up the Clay
Now take the modeling clay and soften it up in your hands so it can be easily worked. The clay will be used to make a mold of the undamaged parts of the frame so the damaged parts can be filled in.
Step 3: Make the Mold
The first thing to do is to thoroughly spay the part of the frame being used to make the molds with cooking spray. Take a piece of the clay and make a small block with it. Then flatten it till it reaches a size that will cover the plaster decoration. Press in over the section and press really hard. Remove the clay. Now you have the mold for the missing parts.
It will take a little practice to get molds that will be the right size. They must be thick enough to duplicate the design but thin enough so that you don't have a really thick molded piece. If the molded piece is too thick, it won't match the rest of the frame. Eventually, you will get the hang of it and get a clay mold that will be a good fit.
Step 4: Mix the Plaster
Mix up a small amount of Plaster of Paris in a small container. I like to use clear plastic disposable cups. Add the Plaster of Paris. I don't measure; I just put in what looks right. But depending on how much frame there is to repair, 1/4 to 1/2 a cup should be more than enough.
Add the water a little at a time, stirring well. Here is where I use the chopstick. The Plaster of Paris needs to be thin enough to pour easily but not watery. If it is the consistency of pancake batter, it will be just about right.
Mixing the plaster is the trickiest part because if you stir the plaster too hard, it gets full of bubbles, and these bubbles will harden in the mold ruining it. When you have smooth, bubble-free plaster that is about the consistency of pancake batter, it's time to get rolling.
Step 5: Make the Replacement
Now, spray the molds again with the cooking spray. This makes the plaster easier to remove from the mold. Pour in the plaster. Now here comes another use for the chopstick. Use it to level the bottom edge of the mold. You want it to be as even as possible so it will fit snugly onto the frame. Now let it dry overnight.
Step 6: Smooth the Mold Until It Fits
After the plaster has dried, remove it gently from the mold. Now comes the hardest part of the whole process. Use an emery board, a small screwdriver, or a sharp blade (you will have to find what works best for you). The big the piece of plaster, the bigger tool you will need.
All the rough edges and the back of the piece need to be smoothed out. If it is a little too big to fit neatly into the spot to be repaired, just keep shaving it down until it fits.
Don't worry about making an exact fit. Once the frame is painted and hung, it will be really hard to see where the damage was.
Make sure that the surface of the frame is clean and dry. Put a little wood glue on your finger and spread it over the area where the plaster piece will go. Do the same for the back of the plaster piece. Put the plaster piece into the spot, and it's done.
Pictures of the Repaired Frame
Below are the pictures of the repaired frame. It compares the damaged and undamaged parts of the frame. It is only upon close inspection that the replacement parts can be seen. On the wall, they are all but invisible.
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Questions & Answers
Question: I have a really ornate frame on a large mirror. The plaster is cracked and some pieces have fallen off. What do you use to fill cracks?
Answer: I just use a little of the plaster of Paris use to make the replacement pieces. Once it is dry, I sand it smooth.
Question: A moulded plaster of Paris frame is cracked right across in three places. It is not damaged enough to need replacement molding. Is wood glue suitable?
Answer: I just seal with a little of the plaster used to make the mold.
Question: How do you match the old patina on the new piece?
Answer: I just repaint the whole frame.
Question: I have a late 19th. century gild picture frame for a picture measuring 40 inches by 80 inches, the frame has been taken apart, it did have nails to keep it together two and two and a half inches very thin nails, which I can't find and I am concerned that hammering the nails in, will cause harm to the frame. Could I use superglue to stick the frame together? The frame has the loops for the rope to hang the picture on the two uprights of the frame.
Answer: I have no experience with the repair of the frame itself. With my knowledge of old things in general, I am not sure if superglue is the answer. I would suggest checking out places that sell architectural salvage to see if they sell the size nail you need. Also, check for what they call brads at the hardware store. They are nails used in putting up paneling or by upholsterers. If you must use glue I recommend gorilla glue and clamping the frame.
Question: What do you seal the new plaster with?
Answer: I just seal with wall primer.
Question: I need to repair long narrow chips along the side of my plaster frame can I just use plaster of Paris to fill in the area that is missing?
Answer: That's what I do.
Maria Cervantes on September 07, 2020:
Thank you for your tutorial on old frames. My question is, Can I use Bondo to fill in The cracks on my 1940's Gilt frame?
Elizabeth Morewood on October 02, 2017:
I have a couple of old gilt framed pictures (1820s) and in places bits of the frames have fallen off. I have the pieces but please, how ccan I get them to stick back in place?
Jay Scott on August 03, 2017:
Please don't use water on any art- paintings or picture frames . American picture frames are generally made with
Composition ( Compo) elements, not plaster. Water will swell the gesso layer and can cause mold . Clean dirt with a soft brush ,then wipe surface with mineral spirits - petroleum based cleaners only.
Fine frames should be repaired by a professional , using compo material.
Renate Bob on July 05, 2017:
I tried plaster of Paris, but it's so soft even when it hardens, that the details are easy to
Wondering if adding wood glue to the water will make it better to handle.
Kathy on January 23, 2017:
I have a antique picture frame and the corner broke off how can I reattach it I have looked and looked I have the corner just not sure how to put it back.
jane cooper on January 17, 2017:
Thank you! I'm going to try it.
Bill on January 13, 2017:
Enjoyed your post. Have used epoxy wood in repair jobs. Exact replication of pattern is tempting and have thought about using molds, but have enjoyed sculpting the missing pieces. Mix and stick to cleaned wood/plaster and sculpt away. Have about 20 minutes before sets up too much. Trim excess almost immediately. Water on fingertips helps smooth out fingerprints. Also, could use bondo. Can add less hardener to prolong set time. Do final trim before completely hardened.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on November 28, 2016:
I always just repaint the whole frame. I have found it hard to try and match the old paint or gild.
Elizabeth Gamble on November 28, 2016:
If trying to figure out the best painting solution for my repairs. The frame I am repairing is a large plaster cast gilt one which I think is painter. I would like to match the paint,or Chou led I just paint it all? I can send a photo if you tell me how to get it to you?
Ray on September 20, 2016:
To strengthen the corner mitres joints, place sponge packing in the edge of the frame and using a sash cramp carefully pull together. ( If sash cramp not available, wrap a small diam. rope around frame and pull together ). Drill a hole through the edge of the timber base and glue a short length of small diam. dowel through the joint. Be careful not to place the dowel in the plaster moulded section as this could cause further damage. Sand flush and paint. Invisible finish.
Irene on August 25, 2016:
More on how to paint gold leaf on repair
Jean on August 08, 2016:
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on May 20, 2016:
I would need to see a picture of the frame but I am thinking that to duplicate the curve try 1. spay the frame with cooking spray. 2. put the plaster in the mold. 3. press the mold and the plaster to the frame curving it as you do. 4. Let dry and remove. That should duplicated the curve of the frame.
freyda on May 19, 2016:
the missing gold leaf is actually a leaf on the part of the frame that is curved so the plaster mold is finished on the wrong side of the curve, it is like a belveled part of the frame. when I made the mold correctly, It is too solid to use, the leaf is curved correctly, but now I have a solid piece of plaster of paris...
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on February 06, 2016:
Glad I could be of help. It is such a simple fix. Good luck and let me know how ii comes out!
Debbie on February 06, 2016:
Thanks I am off to Walmart to get my stuff. I got a great deal on a frame for $3 and could not pass it up. It has 2 little places I know I can fix now thanks to you and your info. It makes my money spent look really good now.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on February 03, 2016:
I use a place on the opposite side of the frame and then turn it upside down.
Pat on February 02, 2016:
Any thoughts on how to do a mirror or reverse mold. The frame I would like to do is missing some leaf detail on one side. The undamaged side is opposite.
Doug Ernst on August 04, 2015:
Why doesn't the spray oil or oil from the clay mess up the ability to repaint the frame?
Doug in Sandy Eggo
nancy on July 31, 2015:
If I didn't want to go through the process of making molds all around the frame , how do I prevent further breakage of ornate pieces? Should I brush wood glue all over the frame then paint when it is dry?
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on June 18, 2015:
To get the plaster make it thicker just add more plaster to the mix. This should make it harder when it sets up. If you are applying the plaster directly to the frame make sure the area is clean and dry.
Mike on April 16, 2015:
I need to repair a thin layer of plaster on a frame, how do you make the plaster harder and that it will stick to the frame
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on March 24, 2015:
Sorry to take so long to reply but I have been under the weather. Just an FYI. the knees are the first to go. I am so glad that my method has proved so successful for everyone who has tried it.
Trapso on January 19, 2015:
What a great, articulate post! I collect old picture frames at yard sales, antique shops, etc. I have a mitre saw and so I can take a large frame hand cut it to size for a smaller picture. I was staying away from old frames with damage such as you describe feeling that they were not repairable. Now I can get those as well and fix them up. I took a limited edition print we had purchased and made a frame to measure and did some repair on it. Looks great and at little cost compared to a framer who would have charged over a hundred dollars. Another thing you might try is a product called RubnBuff. It comes in a variety of colors and I have used it for restoring/repairing. Look it up on the internet!
m on December 24, 2014:
well I figured it out. I used burnt umber, black and umber and made a mix tat perfectly matched the old dirt in the cracks. I brushed it in and wiped it off and you are right it looks amazing. I tackled an entire width of a frame that was missing the bottom half of the plaster. The frame also curved so it was long and arched. What was I thinking??? However, it turned out really well and you can't even tell if you don't know that it is repaired. I can't believe I did that.
m on December 17, 2014:
what do you use to make the repair match the dirty parts that are darker? Antiquing was? If ound a 1966 article on it that used spackle and said to use 1/4 c picture varnish and 1/4 t burnt umber and 1/4 t raw umber oil paint to glaze it and then wipe it off. Thoughts?
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on September 10, 2014:
Thanks for the question Kate. I didn't spray paint the frame. I purchased a gilt paint from my local hardward store and used a foam brush so I wouldn't have to clean it. When you use it make sure to do so in a well ventilated place.
Kate on September 06, 2014:
Hi Reddog1027, Thanks for this tutorial! Quick question - did you spray paint the whole frame once you were finished fixing the broken parts? The finished products has so much shine! All you mention in the beginning is washing it... did you wash and repaint or just wash?
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on December 11, 2013:
Thanks for the complement Icandoit54. I read this in a little book I checked out of the library and gave it a try. It was so easy that I thought others would be looking for this kind of info. Glad it worked .
Icandoit54 on December 09, 2013:
You are brilliant! Usually I'm pretty crafty, but you got me on that one! Thank you. You are exactly right!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on December 06, 2013:
I would use wood filler to fill in the crack as it won't expand and then once dry, smooth on plaster so it blends with the rest of the frame. Hope this helps
Icandoit54 on December 01, 2013:
Hey, I'm looking for advice. I have an old landscape with molded plaster frame. It's beautiful. However the side of the frame cracked from aging and there is a hole in the side of the frame.it is in the square part of the frame on the side so there be no need to mold. Do you think I could just fill the hole with plaster of Paris and smooth off the edge straight. It wouldn't work if the plaster expands as it dries because it would cause the frame to crack again. What do you think?
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on December 05, 2012:
I know it will look great!
Lou on November 28, 2012:
Thanks for posting! This will allow me to fix my Wife's Great Grandmother's frame in time for Christmas!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on November 10, 2012:
let me know how your project turns out!
Ian on November 10, 2012:
That was excellent! Thank you so much. I'm off to do the work.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on October 20, 2012:
The only tricks to the gold leaf is to use in a well ventilated area as it has some very volatile solvent as it's base and use one of the foam disposable brushes so you don't have to worry about cleaning it up with another solvent. the hardest part about this whole procedure is getting the thickness of the clay molds and the resulting plaster piece the same thickness as the frame. Good luck and let me know how it turns out.
graminva on October 20, 2012:
Is there any trick when it comes to painting the frame with the gold leaf? We have received an 83 year old triple mirror with etching but the frame is missing parts and the gold leaf is flecking off in places. Going to show my hubby these instructions before we ruin this antique!!! Thanks.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on September 15, 2012:
I just love it when this hub helps someone else.
Louis on September 14, 2012:
Thanks for your great advice! I have an old plaster picture frame, and I'd love to see its former beauty without shelling out beaucoup dollars. Glad I've found your advice in repairing the frame.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on September 04, 2012:
As always, I am so glad that you have found this hub helpful.
jmb on August 26, 2012:
Thanks so much for this tutorial, I am about to take a big challenge. You have made it easy!!!
Tony on June 10, 2012:
Thanks for the information. I appreciate it..Tony
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on June 09, 2012:
I would just clean it with a damp cloth. A coat of polyurethane would be a better sealer. The water based ones are really nice to work with. Lemon oil contains a solvent and it might damage the paint or the plaster.
TONY on June 09, 2012:
HI, WAS LOOKING FOR INFORMATION ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF OLD PLASTER FRAMES. HAVE ONE WITH A WONDERFUL PICTURE THAT WAS MY MOMS.SHE ALWAYS LEMON OILED HER FURNITURE BUT I DON'T THINK SHE USED LEMON OIL ON THIS FRAME. DOES IT NEED OIL TO KEEP IT FROM DRYING OUT? WHAT WOULD YOU RECOMMEND. THANKS SO MUCH.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on June 08, 2012:
I didn't oil the frames that I have repaired as I paint them with a gold gild paint. Any oil would keep the paint from sticking to the frame.
Davene on June 08, 2012:
I found your instructions on fixing an old plaster frame. Could you recommend oiling the frame after repair? I know too wet isn't good, but would mineral or lemon oil help? Thanks so much,
Furniture Refinishing Restoration on May 25, 2012:
Thank you for all the information. It was MUCH needed!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on May 02, 2012:
Again, I am so glad you found this helpful.
puckdropper on May 01, 2012:
I am going to use this technique to repair a 100 year old frame my wife and I have carried with us for seven years after it slipped from its' hangers. Thanks for being here, I was suspecting to have use this technique. You confirmed I am going in the right direction. Again thanks.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on March 17, 2012:
Glad you found this hub helpful Alex. If I can do it, anyone can.
Alex on March 17, 2012:
thanks so much I have carried an old frame around with me for years and didn't take the time or information to fix it now I will before every bit of it falls off.
reddog1027 on February 12, 2012:
I just use a little window cleaner spray like Windex. It is alcohol based so it dissolves the oil.
Dee Loris on February 12, 2012:
How do you clean off the spray before you paint the frame?
dave on January 24, 2012:
it takes a lot to impress me and this post has done it. I can fix anything but never tried this altho i have done casting in plaster before.Here's some tips from experience for new and old alike.
you can order casting plaster in 25 kilo bags at a good builders yard far cheaper than craft shop little bags.you can put plaster to the water if job is sealed to stop any bubbles whatsoever forming and tap to level when topped up.I found a gold spray paint called mr christmas "brand" was the best luxury finish you could wish for but not known if still in production based in blackpool.lancs.spraying with black first enhances the finish on gold paint gives a luxurious pro effect.hope this goes on here as its good advice.regards dave.
Mo on October 25, 2011:
Thanks so much for this Tutorial. I did it and my mirror frame looks great!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on June 23, 2011:
Amanda, here is my suggestions. From the picture it looks as if there is a gouge out of the corner. I would try building it up with a couple of thin layers of plaster, let it dry really well and smooth. Then make a mold of the scroll work on the corner that is kitty corner to the one that needs the repair. You may have to experiment with the level of the background to get it to a point where the scroll work is even with the surrounding areas. Let me know if there is anything I can do.
AmandaS on June 23, 2011:
Oops here is the picture URL...
AmandaS on June 23, 2011:
Help! Really like the how-to! However, I am stuck! I have a plaster frame that has a broken corner (I have added a link to picture of the corner). The frame does have a matching corner but I have no idea how to go about cloning that corner and making it work in the broken area. Unfortunately the edges of the frame are decoratively rounded adding to the difficulty. I have tried taking a mold of the entire in-tact corner but I just cannot get it. Any suggestions?
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on June 03, 2011:
DannieP, glad you found this hub helpful. Let me know how yours turns out.
DannieP on June 03, 2011:
Very Impressive! I just bought a gilded plaster frame today that is in need of some restoration.
I can't wait to try this technique out and see the results. Thanks for the advice.
Mary Anne on January 12, 2011:
Okay, thanks! I will try it tomorrow. So glad I found this post!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on January 12, 2011:
I have found that making a clay mold is easier than trying to cut the pieces of plaster as they tend to break and crumble. Try the molds first. You may have to make a few to get the look just right.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on January 01, 2011:
I am so glad you found this information helpful. The hardest part of the whole thing is getting a good plaster casting made. If the first ones don't turn out right, just keep tweaking till you get it right.
Amanda on December 31, 2010:
Thank you SO much!! I have been searching the web all morning for this information. You did a fantastic job of presenting all the steps. I'm heading to the craft store, then getting started! Thanks again. :-)
Sandy Jauregui from Sanger on September 17, 2010:
Thank you, you've given me inspiration to try it on some of my old mirrors...:))
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on August 06, 2010:
If I can do it, I am confident you can too. Glad you found the hub helpful.
RGNestle from Seattle on August 05, 2010:
My mother has a lithograph and a plaster mold frame which came from my great grandmother on my father's side. It has seen better days and I just began wondering if I should look for someone to repair it or if I should attempt it myself. I didn't know that it was plaster on wood until I found this Hub. Now I know I can do it and your instructions filled in the gaps in my knowledge. I feel confident now that I can make the frame look like new.
Picture Glass Frames on May 19, 2010:
Great hub! I don't have any of these products at home, so it's kind of inconvenient. But then again, I don't own most products that should be in every home... eh...
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on April 19, 2010:
I am so glad you found this hub helpful. Once I read it, I thought, hey I can do that. And I did. And if I can do it anyone can. It's a great way to return a damaged frame back to usefulness.
KathyNE on April 18, 2010:
Thank you so much for taking the time to post such a great source of information! You did a very concise and easy to follow description of the process.
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on April 18, 2010:
I am glad you found the hub helpful, babalooga. It is a shame to let such beautiful frames go to waste when it is so easy to fix them.
babalooga on April 18, 2010:
i searched the net over and FINALLY found theee page i was looking for.
thanks!!! thanks!!! thanks!!!
Christine Mulberry on February 12, 2010:
Wow, that does look like something that's not too difficult to do. Great tutorial!
reddog1027 (author) from Atlanta, GA on January 24, 2010:
Most old frames are held together by nails or small pegs. Over time holes around them get bigger, a little wood putty in the holes may be all it will take.
Wealthmadehealthy from Somewhere in the Lone Star State on January 24, 2010:
This was a wonderful hub!!! So informative and detailed. When I saw the title, I saw gilded frame repair and missed the plaster part...reading to fast...but the whole process of this is really simple....I have a gilded antique wood frame which is very old and coming apart at the corners, no other damage except it is separating there....need to figure out how to put it flush again without damaging it. Guess I should go to the library or maybe google it....thank you for this hub!! I enjoyed it
Destroyed Gold Leaf Frame DIY Restoration Tutorial - YouTube
A gilded frame in good condition may only need a light dusting or touch-up. If you do not take the frame to a professional, be sure to only use a soft bristle brush, feather duster, cotton swab, or lint-free cloth to clean the frame, and do so gently. Using other brushes or too much force could damage the surface.
How to Restore and Reuse Old Picture Frames - YouTube
How to Fix and Restore Ornate Picture Frame Antique Frame Restoration
The safest general method is using a clean white cotton cloth, cotton balls, or q-tips, and the barest amount of clean, cool water. Wet the cleaning material with water and dab it off on a dry piece before cleaning so there is no excess moisture.
Applying gold leaf to a plaster object is known as gilding. Gilding architectural features such as plaster ceiling medallions and crown molding, as well as gilding furniture trim, lends a room an air of opulence. While gilding is not difficult, it takes a few tries to learn how to handle the gold leaf properly.
Some antique or vintage frames are gilded in a less precious metal than gold. To determine if a frame is in fact real gold leaf, look to its sheen or hue. Because gold leaf doesn't tarnish, it will maintain its luster, despite its age. One less precious alternative to gold leaf is a bronze paint finish.
THE GILDED FRAME
Gilding is the term for the process of applying gold or silver leaf (or an imitation made from metal alloys) to any surface. Wood picture frames have been gilded since the 12th century. There are many different methods for gilding picture frames, though water and oil gilding are among the most popular.
If the surface is discoloured, use a swab moistened with methylated spirit and rub gently. If this doesn't work, try a swab moistened with moistened with natural enzymes (saliva), followed by a swab moistened with distilled water.
Like any antique item, there's a lot of variation in the value of antique picture frames. Some sell for many thousands of dollars, which others are worth only a few dollars. If you're in doubt, it's always a good idea to have your frame appraised.
Plaster frames allow for easy installation of square ceiling or t-bar style slot diffusers into drywall ceilings.
How to Repair Picture Frames : Picture Frame Crafts - YouTube
KCL - Creative ways to update old or outdated picture frames - YouTube
How to restore a gilded mirror - with Kathryn Rayward - YouTube
- Place the object in need of repair onto a flat surface.
- Take the protective cover off of the top of the gold leaf.
- Place a butter knife onto the top corner of the gold leaf, anf gently peel the gold leaf off of the sheet.
- Lay the gold leaf piece onto the area of the object that needs to be repaired.
How To Use Gold Leaf to Gild A Frame - YouTube
How to make a picture frame look antique (EXPLANATION ... - YouTube
Proper preparation, including choosing the right hardware, is key to hanging a mirror, whether it's above a vanity, on a brick wall, or a heavy statement piece.
Most new mirrors come with mounting hardware, but selecting the proper installation hardware (the screws, bolts, and anchors that fasten into the wall) requires careful thought.. After determining your wall type and picking out the right supplies, use the following advice on how to hang a heavy mirror securely so you can refresh your room while protecting your walls and decor.. Pencil Level Measuring tape Painters tape Stud finder or multifunction stud finder Screwdriver Drill Hammer Wall anchors A helper to assist with lifting, measuring, and mounting the mirror. The weight of the mirror and the type of wall it hangs on are the key factors in selecting the right wall anchor.. If you're hanging a heavy mirror on drywall without the support of a stud, you need drywall anchors that can bear the weight of your mirror.. If you're hanging a heavy mirror on plaster without a stud, your best bet is a hollow wall anchor, such as a toggle bolt, that expands and secures behind the plaster wall.. Like plaster and drywall, brick requires a wall anchor when installing a heavy mirror.. Annie Schlechter. Many frameless mirrors rely on mirror clips installed at the top and bottom of the mirror (and sometimes along the sides).
Whether you inherited it from your great-grandmother or picked it up at an estate sale, your old mirror may be worth more than you realize. It's time to put on your detective hat and look for clues!
Question: If the mirror has a number on the back what does that mean?. Answer: I saw a 1993 gold framed beveled mirror online made by Carolina Mirror Company.. Question: I have a large rectangular mirror made out of one solid piece of wood with gold going around the inner frame could it be worth anything?. What can you tell me about this mirror?. No mirrors unfortunately.. Hello, please can you value my mirror?. No mirrors.
But I had seen first one and then another of the rooms in which. I had slept during my life, and in the end I would revisit them all in the. long course of my waking dream: rooms in winter, where on going to bed I. would at once bury my head in a nest, built up out of the most diverse. materials, the corner of my pillow, the top of my blankets, a piece of a. shawl, the edge of my bed, and a copy of an evening paper, all of which. things I would contrive, with the infinite patience of birds building. their nests, to cement into one whole; rooms where, in a keen frost, I. would feel the satisfaction of being shut in from the outer world (like. the sea-swallow which builds at the end of a dark tunnel and is kept warm. by the surrounding earth), and where, the fire keeping in all night, I. would sleep wrapped up, as it were, in a great cloak of snug and savoury. air, shot with the glow of the logs which would break out again in flame:. in a sort of alcove without walls, a cave of warmth dug out of the heart. of the room itself, a zone of heat whose boundaries were constantly. shifting and altering in temperature as gusts of air ran across them to. strike freshly upon my face, from the corners of the room, or from parts. near the window or far from the fireplace which had therefore remained. cold—or rooms in summer, where I would delight to feel myself a part. of the warm evening, where the moonlight striking upon the half-opened. shutters would throw down to the foot of my bed its enchanted ladder;. where I would fall asleep, as it might be in the open air, like a titmouse. which the breeze keeps poised in the focus of a sunbeam—or sometimes. the Louis XVI room, so cheerful that I could never feel really unhappy,. even on my first night in it: that room where the slender columns which. lightly supported its ceiling would part, ever so gracefully, to indicate. where the bed was and to keep it separate; sometimes again that little. room with the high ceiling, hollowed in the form of a pyramid out of two. separate storeys, and partly walled with mahogany, in which from the first. moment my mind was drugged by the unfamiliar scent of flowering grasses,. convinced of the hostility of the violet curtains and of the insolent. indifference of a clock that chattered on at the top of its voice as. though I were not there; while a strange and pitiless mirror with square. feet, which stood across one corner of the room, cleared for itself a site. I had not looked to find tenanted in the quiet surroundings of my normal. field of vision: that room in which my mind, forcing itself for hours on. end to leave its moorings, to elongate itself upwards so as to take on the. exact shape of the room, and to reach to the summit of that monstrous. funnel, had passed so many anxious nights while my body lay stretched out. in bed, my eyes staring upwards, my ears straining, my nostrils sniffing. uneasily, and my heart beating; until custom had changed the colour of the. curtains, made the clock keep quiet, brought an expression of pity to the. cruel, slanting face of the glass, disguised or even completely dispelled. the scent of flowering grasses, and distinctly reduced the apparent. loftiness of the ceiling.. Our friend's bodily frame had been so well. lined with this sense, and with various earlier memories of his family,. that their own special Swann had become to my people a complete and living. creature; so that even now I have the feeling of leaving some one I know. for another quite different person when, going back in memory, I pass from. the Swann whom I knew later and more intimately to this early Swann—this. early Swann in whom I can distinguish the charming mistakes of my. childhood, and who, incidentally, is less like his successor than he is. like the other people I knew at that time, as though one's life were a. series of galleries in which all the portraits of any one period had a. marked family likeness, the same (so to speak) tonality—this early. Swann abounding in leisure, fragrant with the scent of the great. chestnut-tree, of baskets of raspberries and of a sprig of tarragon.. One day, when we were walking with Swann in one of the streets of Combray,. M. Vinteuil, turning out of another street, found himself so suddenly face. to face with us all that he had not time to escape; and Swann, with that. almost arrogant charity of a man of the world who, amid the dissolution of. all his own moral prejudices, finds in another's shame merely a reason for. treating him with a friendly benevolence, the outward signs of which serve. to enhance and gratify the self-esteem of the bestower because he feels. that they are all the more precious to him upon whom they are bestowed,. conversed at great length with M. Vinteuil, with whom for a long time he. had been barely on speaking terms, and invited him, before leaving us, to. send his daughter over, one day, to play at Tansonville.. And, once or twice, he derived from such. evenings that kind of happiness which one would be inclined (did it not. originate in so violent a reaction from an anxiety abruptly terminated) to. call peaceful, since it consists in a pacifying of the mind: he had looked. in for a moment at a revel in the painter's studio, and was getting ready. to go home; he was leaving behind him Odette, transformed into a brilliant. stranger, surrounded by men to whom her glances and her gaiety, which were. not for him, seemed to hint at some voluptuous pleasure to be enjoyed. there or elsewhere (possibly at the Bal des Incohrents, to which he. trembled to think that she might be going on afterwards) which made Swann. more jealous than the thought of their actual physical union, since it was. more difficult to imagine; he was opening the door to go, when he heard. himself called back in these words (which, by cutting off from the party. that possible ending which had so appalled him, made the party itself seem. innocent in retrospect, made Odette's return home a thing no longer. inconceivable and terrible, but tender and familiar, a thing that kept. close to his side, like a part of his own daily life, in his carriage; a. thing that stripped Odette herself of the excess of brilliance and gaiety. in her appearance, shewed that it was only a disguise which she had. assumed for a moment, for his sake and not in view of any mysterious. pleasures, a disguise of which she had already wearied)—in these. words, which Odette flung out after him as he was crossing the threshold:. "Can't you wait a minute for me?. He. had the sudden suspicion that this hour spent in Odette's house, in the. lamp-light, was, perhaps, after all, not an artificial hour, invented for. his special use (with the object of concealing that frightening and. delicious thing which was incessantly in his thoughts without his ever. being able to form a satisfactory impression of it, an hour of Odette's. real life, of her life when he was not there, looking on) with theatrical. properties and pasteboard fruits, but was perhaps a genuine hour of. Odette's life; that, if he himself had not been there, she would have. pulled forward the same armchair for Forcheville, would have poured out. for him, not any unknown brew, but precisely that orangeade which she was. now offering to them both; that the world inhabited by Odette was not that. other world, fearful and supernatural, in which he spent his time in. placing her—and which existed, perhaps, only in his imagination, but. the real universe, exhaling no special atmosphere of gloom, comprising. that table at which he might sit down, presently, and write, and this. drink which he was being permitted, now, to taste; all the objects which. he contemplated with as much curiosity and admiration as gratitude, for. if, in absorbing his dreams, they had delivered him from an obsession,. they themselves were, in turn, enriched by the absorption; they shewed him. the palpable realisation of his fancies, and they interested his mind;. they took shape and grew solid before-his eyes, and at the same time they. soothed his troubled heart.. had fate but allowed him to share a single. dwelling with Odette, so that in her house he should be in his own; if,. when asking his servant what there would be for luncheon, it had been. Odette's bill of fare that he had learned from the reply; if, when Odette. wished to go for a walk, in the morning, along the Avenue du. Bois-de-Boulogne, his duty as a good husband had obliged him, though he. had no desire to go out, to accompany her, carrying her cloak when she was. too warm; and in the evening, after dinner, if she wished to stay at home,. and not to dress, if he had been forced to stay beside her, to do what she. asked; then how completely would all the trivial details of Swann's life,. which seemed to him now so gloomy, simply because they would, at the same. time, have formed part of the life of Odette, have taken on—like. that lamp, that orangeade, that armchair, which had absorbed so much of. his dreams, which materialised so much of his longing,—a sort of. superabundant sweetness and a mysterious solidity.. Of a truth, he had too long forgotten that he was 'young Swann' not to. feel, when he assumed that part again for a moment, a keener pleasure than. he was capable of feeling at other times—when, indeed, he was grown. sick of pleasure; and if the friendliness of the middle-class people, for. whom he had never been anything else than 'young Swann,' was less animated. than that of the aristocrats (though more flattering, for all that, since. in the middle-class mind friendship is inseparable from respect), no. letter from a Royal Personage, offering him some princely entertainment,. could ever be so attractive to Swann as the letter which asked him to be a. witness, or merely to be present at a wedding in the family of some old. friends of his parents; some of whom had 'kept up' with him, like my. grandfather, who, the year before these events, had invited him to my. mother's wedding, while others barely knew him by sight, but were, they. thought, in duty bound to shew civility to the son, to the worthy. successor of the late M. Swann.. And then, being still deeply moved by his dream, he would thank. heaven for those special circumstances which made him independent, thanks. to which he could remain in Odette's vicinity, and could even succeed in. making her allow him to see her sometimes; and, counting over the list of. his advantages: his social position—his fortune, from which she. stood too often in need of assistance not to shrink from the prospect of a. definite rupture (having even, so people said, an ulterior plan of getting. him to marry her)—his friendship with M. de Charlus, which, it must. be confessed, had never won him any very great favour from Odette, but. which gave him the pleasant feeling that she was always hearing. complimentary things said about him by this common friend for whom she had. so great an esteem—and even his own intelligence, the whole of which. he employed in weaving, every day, a fresh plot which would make his. presence, if not agreeable, at any rate necessary to Odette—he. thought of what might have happened to him if all these advantages had. been lacking, he thought that, if he had been, like so many other men,. poor and humble, without resources, forced to undertake any task that. might be offered to him, or tied down by parents or by a wife, he might. have been obliged to part from Odette, that that dream, the terror of. which was still so recent, might well have been true; and he said to. himself: "People don't know when they are happy.. While I was making myself ready to take advantage of this long. expected moment, and to surrender myself to the impression of Gilberte. which I had prepared beforehand but could no longer find in my head, to an. extent which would enable me, during the long hours which I must spend. alone, to be certain that it was indeed herself whom I had in mind, that. it was indeed my love for her that I was gradually making grow, as a book. grows when one is writing it, she threw me a ball; and, like the idealist. philosopher whose body takes account of the external world in the reality. of which his intellect declines to believe, the same self which had made. me salute her before I had identified her now urged me to catch the ball. that she tossed to me (as though she had been a companion, with whom I had. come to play, and not a sister-soul with whom my soul had come to be. united), made me, out of politeness, until the time came when she had to. I go, address a thousand polite and trivial remarks to her, and so. prevented me both from keeping a silence in which I might at last have. laid my hand upon the indispensable, escaped idea, and from uttering the. words which might have made that definite progress in the course of our. love on which I was always obliged to count only for the following. afternoon.. I. was touched by my friend's kindness in having procured the book for me;. and as everyone is obliged to find some reason for his passion, so much so. that he is glad to find in the creature whom he loves qualities which (he. has learned by reading or in conversation) are worthy to excite a man's. love, that he assimilates them by imitation and makes out of them fresh. reasons for his love, even although these qualities be diametrically. opposed to those for which his love would have sought, so long as it was. spontaneous—as Swann, before my day, had sought to establish the. aesthetic basis of Odette's beauty—I, who had at first loved. Gilberte, in Combray days, on account of all the unknown element in her. life into which I would fain have plunged headlong, have undergone. reincarnation, discarding my own separate existence as a thing that no. longer mattered, I thought now, as of an inestimable advantage, that of. this, my own, my too familiar, my contemptible existence Gilberte might. one day become the humble servant, the kindly, the comforting. collaborator, who in the evenings, helping me in my work, would collate. for me the texts of rare pamphlets.
Adjunct membership is for researchers employed by other institutions who collaborate with IDM Members to the extent that some of their own staff and/or postgraduate students may work within the IDM; for 3-year terms, which are renewable.
GRAY, Prof Clive Professor Emeritus of Immunology, Division of Immunology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town; Professor of Immunology in Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town; Adjunct Professor, Department of Immunology, Duke University, North Carolina, USA; Secretary-General, Federation of African Immunology Societies; Vice-Chair, Education Committee of the IUIS; Director of the Immunopaedia Foundation.. Executive Director Perinatal HIV Research Unit, Wits Health Consortium, University of Witwatersrand; Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa; HVTN Director of International Programmes; HVTN Co-Principal Investigator; Chair of the standing committee on Health, ASSAF.. Her Research Unit is involved with clinical research, epidemiology and operational research, and is a treatment site for HIV infected adults and children.. Her research interests include HIV vaccine research, microbicide research and other biomedical and behavioural interventions, and she is an investigator in testing two HIV vaccine regimens in late stage clinical development.. LESLIE, Dr Al Principal investigator Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI), Durban, South Africa; Associate Professor, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa; Wellcome Trust senior Fellow, department of infection and immunity, University College London, UK.. MD, PhD, Professor and Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine, Director OHSU Center for Global Child Health Research, Department of Pediatrics.. MD, Professor, and Vice Chair for Research, Division Head Infectious Disease, Wayne L. Tracy Professor of Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Assistant Director, OHSU Center for Global Child Health Research.. WILKINSON, A/Prof Katalin Principal Research Scientist at The Francis Crick Institute London; Honorary Associate Professor, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London; Honorary Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town.. More specifically, the reconstitution of the immune response during antiretroviral treatment, in order to identify correlates of protection (including immune mechanisms that lead to reduced susceptibility to TB), and pathogenesis (such as the Tuberculosis-Associated Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome, TB-IRIS); the biosignature of the TB infection spectrum, from latent infection to active disease; preventing TB infection in HIV infected people more effectively; and the pathogenesis of tuberculous meningitis and pericarditis.
The Project Gutenberg eBook of The house of Mirth, by Edith Wharton
Lily and her mother wandered from place to place, now paying long visits. to relations whose house-keeping Mrs. Bart criticized, and who deplored. the fact that she let Lily breakfast in bed when the girl had no. prospects before her, and now vegetating in cheap continental refuges,. where Mrs. Bart held herself fiercely aloof from the frugal tea-tables of. her companions in misfortune.. Mrs.. Trenor, true to her simple principle of making her married friends happy,. had placed Selden and Mrs. Dorset next to each other at dinner; but, in. obedience to the time-honoured traditions of the match-maker, she had. separated Lily and Mr. Gryce, sending in the former with George Dorset,. while Mr. Gryce was coupled with Gwen Van Osburgh.. Lily reviewed them with a scornful impatience: Carry Fisher, with. her shoulders, her eyes, her divorces, her general air of embodying a. “spicy paragraph”; young Silverton, who had meant to live on. proof-reading and write an epic, and who now lived on his friends and had. become critical of truffles; Alice Wetherall, an animated visiting-list,. whose most fervid convictions turned on the wording of invitations and. the engraving of dinner-cards; Wetherall, with his perpetual nervous nod. of acquiescence, his air of agreeing with people before he knew what they. were saying; Jack Stepney, with his confident smile and anxious eyes,. half way between the sheriff and an heiress; Gwen Van Osburgh, with all. the guileless confidence of a young girl who has always been told that. there is no one richer than her father.. Now she had an answer. to all criticisms of Lily’s conduct: as she had said, she knew “the real. Lily,” and the discovery that Selden shared her knowledge raised her. placid acceptance of life to a dazzled sense of its possibilities—a. sense farther enlarged, in the course of the afternoon, by the receipt of. a telegram from Selden asking if he might dine with her that evening.. When the Dorsets turned up here six weeks ago, and everybody began. to make a fuss about Lily Bart, I could see Louisa thought that if she’d. had Lily in tow instead of me she would have been hob-nobbing with all. the royalties by this time.. In the large tumultuous disorder of the life. at Bellomont, where no one seemed to have time to observe any one else,. and private aims and personal interests were swept along unheeded in the. rush of collective activities, Lily had fancied herself sheltered from. inconvenient scrutiny; but if Judy knew when Mrs. Fisher borrowed money. of her husband, was she likely to ignore the same transaction on Lily’s. part?. He enjoyed letting the Gormers see that he had known “Miss. Lily”—she was “Miss Lily” to him now—before they had had the faintest. social existence: enjoyed more especially impressing Paul Morpeth with. the distance to which their intimacy dated back.. “My dear child, don’t add to it still more—at least to your conception. of it—by attributing to her all sorts of susceptibilities of your own.”. Selden, for his life, could not keep a note of dryness out of his voice;. but he met Gerty’s look of perplexity by saying more mildly: “But, though. you immensely exaggerate the importance of anything I could do for Miss. Bart, you can’t exaggerate my readiness to do it—if you ask me to.” He. laid his hand for a moment on hers, and there passed between them, on the. current of the rare contact, one of those exchanges of meaning which fill. the hidden reservoirs of affection.. She frankly owned to having. brought Lily and Mrs. Hatch together, but then she did not know Mrs.. Hatch—she had expressly warned Lily that she did not know Mrs.. Hatch—and besides, she was not Lily’s keeper, and really the girl was. old enough to take care of herself.